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The System you are using is for NFS (Network File Services). Some important data are shared from your system. Make automatically start the nfs and portmap services at boot time.

Answer and Explanation:

We can control the services for current session and for next boot time also. For current Session, we use service servicename start or restart or stop or status. For automatically on next reboot time:

1. chkconfig servicename on or off

eg: chkconfig nfs on

chkconfig portmap on



Select the nfs and portmap services.

2. Reboot the system and identify whether services are running or not.


Change the Group Owner of /data to training group.

Answer and Explanation:

chown or chgrp command is used to change the ownership.

Syntax of chown: chown [-R] username:groupname file/directory

Syntax of chgrp: chgrp [-R] groupname file/directory

Whenever user creates the file or directory, the owner of that file/directory automatically will be that user and that user's primary group name.

To change group owner ship

1. chgrp training /data à Which set the Group Ownership to training


chown root.training /data àWhich set the user owner to root and group owner to training group.

Verify /data using: ls -ld /data

You will get: drwxr-xr-x 2 root training …………..


Using squid block Internet to Network and allow to Network.

Answer and Explanation:

1. vi /etc/squid/squid.conf


http_port 8080

#Recommended minimum configuration:

# Near the src acl src section

acl allownet src

acl denynet src


# http_access deny all

#Under Here

http_access allow allownet

http_access deny denynet

2. service squid start

3. chkconfig squid on

squid is a proxy caching server, using squid we can share the internet, block the internet, to certain network. First we should define the port for squid, the standard port for squid is 3128. We can run squid on different port by specifying http_port portnumber.

To block or allow the Internet access to hosts, we should create the acl (Access Control List). In this file we can specify only the IP address.

Example: acl aclname src IP/Netmask

After creating acl we can block or allow the internet to specified acl.

http_access allow | deny alcname


Backup of the Redhat Enterprise Linux 5 is on /var/ftp/pub, /var/www/html/pub on server named server1.example.com. You can install all required packages using yum by creating the repository file.

Answer and Explanation:

1. Create the repository file

#vi /etc/yum.repos.d/server1.repo







# yum install <packagename>


Create the group named sysusers.

Answer and Explanation:

1. groupadd sysusers

groupadd command is used to create the group and all group information is stored in /etc/group file.


Some users home directory is shared from your system. Using showmount -e localhost command, the shared directory is not shown. Make access the shared users home directory.

Answer and Explanation:

1. Verify the File whether Shared or not ? : cat /etc/exports

2. Start the nfs service: service nfs start

3. Start the portmap service: service portmap start

4. Make automatically start the nfs service on next reboot: chkconfig nfs on

5. Make automatically start the portmap service on next reboot: chkconfig portmap on

6. Check default firewall is running in your system

# service iptables status

#iptables -F

#service iptables stop

#chkconfig iptables off

6. Verify Either sharing or not: showmount -e localhost

You will see that some shared directory will display


Create the user named user1, user2, user3

Answer and Explanation:

2. useradd user1

3. useradd user2

4. useradd user3

5. passwd user1

6. passwd user2

7. passwd user3

We create the user using useradd command and we change the password of user using passwd command. If you want to set the blank password use: passwd -d username.


There is a NFS server and all required packages are dumped in /var/ftp/pub of that server and the /var/ftp/pub directory is shared. Install the Redhat Enterprise Linux 5 by creating following partitions:

/ 1000

/boot 200

/home 1000

/var 1000

/usr 4000

swap 2X256 (RAM SIZE)

Answer and Explanation:

Note: Examiner will provide you the Installation startup CD. And here mentioned size may vary see on the exam paper.

1. Insert the CD on CD-ROM and start the system.

2. In Boot: Prompt type linux askmethod

3. It will display the language, keyboard selection.

4. It will ask you for the installation method.

5. Select the NFS Image from the list

6. It will ask the IP Address, Net mask, Gateway and Name Server. Select Use

Dynamic IP Configuration: because DHCP Server will be configured in your exam lab.

7. It will ask for the NFS Server Name and Redhat Enterprise Linux Directory.

Specify the NFS Server:

Directory: /var/ftp/pub

8. After Connecting to the NFS Server Installation start in GUI. Go up to the partition screen by selecting the different Options.

9. Create the partition According to the Question because Size and what-what partition should you create at installation time is specified in your question

10. Then select the MBR Options, time zone and go upto package selections.

It is another Most Important Time of installation. Due to the time limit, you should care about the installation packages. At Exam time you these packages are enough.

X-Window System

GNOME Desktop

(these two packages are generally not required)

Administration Tools.

System Tools

Windows File Server

FTP Servers

Mail Servers

Web Servers

Network Servers


Text Based Internet

Server Configuration Tools

Printing Supports

When installation will complete, your system will reboot. Jump for another Question.


There are mixed lots of System running on Linux and Windows OS. Some users are working on Windows Operating System. There is a /data directory on linux server should make available on windows to user1 and user2 users on read and write mode and read only to other samba users.

Answer and Explanation:

1. vi /etc/samba/smb.conf


netbios name=station?

workgroup = mygroup

server string=Share from Linux Server


smb passwd file=/etc/samba/smbpasswd

encrypt passwords=yes






write list= user1 user2

2. smbpasswd -a user1

3. smbpasswd -a user2


4. service smb start | restart

5. chkconfig smb on

Samba servers helps to share the data between linux and windows. Configuration file is /etc/samba/smb.conf. There are some pre-defined section, i. global à use to define the global options, ii. Printers à use to share the printers, iii. homes à use the share the user's home directory.

Security=user à validation by samba username and password. May be there are other users also.

To allow certain share to certain user we should use valid users option.

smbpasswd à Helps to change user's smb password. -a option specifies that the username following should be added to the local smbpasswd file.

If any valid users option is not specified, then all samba users can access the shared data. By Default shared permission is on writable=no means read only sharing. Write list option is used to allow write access on shared directory to certain users or group members.


Boot your System Successfully on runlevel 3.

Answer and Explanation:

This is boot related problem. There will be same questions repeated two times but problem is different.

First When you restart the system you will get the Error:

mount: error 15 mounting ext3

mount: error 2 mounting none

switchroot: mount failed: 22

umount /initrd/dev/: 2

Kernel Panic: no syncing: Attempted to kill init !

This error occurred in your system before showing welcome redhat linux. That means problem in grub boot loader.

Restart the System

Check the grub boot loader configuration by pressing e shortcut key.

You will see like:

root (hd0,0)

kernel /vmlinuz-2.6.9-5.EL ro root= / rhgb quiet

initrd /initrd-2.6.9-5.EL.img


root (hd0,0)

kernel /vmlinuz-2.6.9-5.EL ro root=LABEL=/root rhgb quiet

initrd /initrd-2.6.9-5.EL.img

Then Edit Boot loader to make like

root (hd0,0)

kernel /vmlinuz-2.6.9-5.EL ro root=LABEL=/ rhgb quiet

initrd /initrd-2.6.9-5.EL.img

Check all lines and edit as same as above. Press b to boot the system

After booting the system you should correct the /etc/grub.conf file.

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