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Q481. Now that we’ve generated the key, our next step would be to configure our vty lines for SSH access and specify which database we are going to use to provide authentication to the device. The local database on the router will do just fine for this example. 

LabRouter(config)#line vty 0 4 

LabRouter(config-line)#login local 

LabRouter(config-line)#transport input ssh 

5. You will need to create an account on the local router’s database to be used for authenticating to the device. This can be accomplished with these commands. LabRouter(config)#username XXXX privilege 15 secret XXXX 

Reference: http://blog.pluralsight.com/configure-secure-shell-ssh-on-cisco-router 

Q482. Which two statements about the BGP community attribute are true? (Choose two.) 

A. Routers send the community attribute to all BGP neighbors automatically. 

B. A router can change a received community attribute before advertising it to peers. 

C. It is a well-known, discretionary BGP attribute. 

D. It is an optional transitive BGP attribute. 

E. A prefix can support only one community attribute. 

Answer: B,D 

Explanation: 

A community is a group of prefixes that share some common property and can be configured with the BGP community attribute. The BGP Community attribute is an optional transitive attribute of variable length. The attribute consists of a set of four octet values that specify a community. The community attribute values are encoded with an Autonomous System (AS) number in the first two octets, with the remaining two octets defined by the AS. A prefix can have more than one community attribute. A BGP speaker that sees multiple community attributes in a prefix can act based on one, some or all the attributes. A router has the option to add or modify a community attribute before the router passes the attribute on to other peers. 

Reference: 

http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/ip/border-gateway-protocol-bgp/28784-bgp-community.html 

Q483. Refer to the exhibit. 

Which two statements about this route table are true? (Choose two.) 

A. The BGP routes are internal. 

B. The OSPF routes with the E2 flag retain the same metric as they leave the router. 

C. The OSPF routes with the IA flag have their administrative distances incremented as they leave the router. 

D. The BGP routes are external. 

E. The OSPF routes with the E2 flag have their metrics incremented as they leave the router. 

Answer: A,B 

Explanation: 

IBGP routes have an Administrative distance of 200, while EBGP have an AD of 20. Here we see that the BGP routes have an AD value of 200. 

With OSPF, external routes fall under two categories, external type 1 and external type 2. 

The difference between the two is in the way the cost (metric) of the route is being calculated. The cost of a type 2 route is always the external cost, irrespective of the interior cost to reach that route. A type 1 cost is the addition of the external cost and the internal cost used to reach that route. The metric for E2 routes do not change when advertising to other routers. 

Q484. Which two issues is TCP Sequence Number Randomization designed to prevent? (Choose two.) 

A. DDOS attacks 

B. OS fingerprinting 

C. man-in-the-middle attacks 

D. ARP poisoning 

E. Smurf attack 

Answer: B,C 

Q485. Refer to the exhibit. 

You are configuring the S1 switch for the switchport connecting to the client computer. Which option describes the effect of the command mls qos map cos-dscp 0 8 16 24 32 40 46 56? 

A. Voice traffic is excluded from the default priority queue. 

B. Voice packets are given a class selector of 5. 

C. Video conferencing is marked CS3. 

D. Voice packets are processed in the priority queue. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

The default CoS to DSCP mappings are shown below: 

Default CoS-to-DSCP Map 

CoS Value 

DSCP Value 

16 

24 

32 

40 

48 

56 

In our example, we see that COS 6 is mapped to DSCP, not the default of DSCP 48 as shown above. DSCP 46 is Expedited Forwarding (EF), which is typically used for voice traffic, and this value has not been included in this class map. 

Q486. Refer to the exhibit. 

Which statement about this COS-DSCP mapping is true? 

A. The expedited forwarding DSCP is mapped to COS 3. 

B. COS 16 is mapped to DSCP 2. 

C. The default COS is mapped to DSCP 32. 

D. This mapping is the default COS-DSCP mapping on Cisco switches. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

Here we see that COS 3 is mapped to DSCP 46, which is the Expedited forwarding class: The Expedited Forwarding (EF) model is used to provide resources to latency (delay) sensitive real-time, interactive traffic. The EF model uses one marking — DSCP 46. 

Q487. Which two statements about path selection are true? (Choose two.) 

A. If there are multiple equal matches between OSPF processes, the path with the lowest OSPF PID is chosen. 

B. If the backdoor command is configured on a BGP network, the route is advertised with an AD of 20. 

C. If an OSPF E2 route has an AS of 90, that path is preferred over an OSPF IA route with an AD of 110. 

D. If there are multiple equal matches between the same protocols on an EIGRP network, the preferred path will be EIGRP with the highest AS. 

E. If IS-IS has multiple routes with the same prefix-length, it will prefer Level 1 routes over Level 2 routes. 

Answer: A,E 

Q488. Refer to the exhibit. 

Switch DSW1 should share the same MST region with switch DSW2. Which statement is true? 

A. Configure DSW1 with the same version number, and VLAN-to-instance mapping as shown on DSW2. 

B. Configure DSW1 with the same region name, number, and VLAN-to-instance mapping as shown on DSW2. 

C. DSW2 uses the VTP server mode to automatically propagate the MST configuration to DSW1. 

D. DSW1 is in VTP client mode with a lower configuration revision number, therefore, it automatically inherits MST configuration from DSW2. 

E. DSW1 automatically inherits MST configuration from DSW2 because they have the same domain name. 

Answer:

Q489. A configuration includes the line ip route 10.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 172.16.10.10 permanent. 

Which option is a benefit of configuring this static route as permanent? 

A. It allows the route to be redistributed into the network even if the outgoing interface is down. 

B. It allows the route to be saved in the running configuration of the device. 

C. It places a hidden tag on the route that can be matched on other devices. 

D. It allows the route to have a tracking status even if no tracking object is configured. 

Answer:

Q490. Which additional feature must be enabled on a switch to allow PIM snooping to function correctly? 

A. IGMP snooping 

B. port security 

C. storm control 

D. dynamic ARP inspection 

Answer:

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