[Virtual] CAS-002 CompTIA test questions 31-40 (May 2017)

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Q31. – (Topic 1) 

A large hospital has implemented BYOD to allow doctors and specialists the ability to access patient medical records on their tablets. The doctors and specialists access patient records over the hospital’s guest WiFi network which is isolated from the internal network with appropriate security controls. The patient records management system can be accessed from the guest network and requires two factor authentication. Using a remote desktop type interface, the doctors and specialists can interact with the hospital’s system. Cut and paste and printing functions are disabled to prevent the copying of data to BYOD devices. Which of the following are of MOST concern? (Select TWO). 

A. Privacy could be compromised as patient records can be viewed in uncontrolled areas. 

B. Device encryption has not been enabled and will result in a greater likelihood of data loss. 

C. The guest WiFi may be exploited allowing non-authorized individuals access to confidential patient data. 

D. Malware may be on BYOD devices which can extract data via key logging and screen scrapes. 

E. Remote wiping of devices should be enabled to ensure any lost device is rendered inoperable. 

Answer: A,D 

Q32. – (Topic 5) 

The risk manager is reviewing a report which identifies a requirement to keep a business critical legacy system operational for the next two years. The legacy system is out of support because the vendor and security patches are no longer released. Additionally, this is a proprietary embedded system and little is documented and known about it. Which of the following should the Information Technology department implement to reduce the security risk from a compromise of this system? 

A. Virtualize the system and migrate it to a cloud provider. 

B. Segment the device on its own secure network. 

C. Install an antivirus and HIDS on the system. 

D. Hire developers to reduce vulnerabilities in the code. 

Answer:

Q33. – (Topic 2) 

A bank has decided to outsource some existing IT functions and systems to a third party service provider. The third party service provider will manage the outsourced systems on their own premises and will continue to directly interface with the bank’s other systems through dedicated encrypted links. Which of the following is critical to ensure the successful management of system security concerns between the two organizations? 

A. ISA 

B. BIA 

C. MOU 

D. SOA 

E. BPA 

Answer:

Q34. – (Topic 5) 

A security administrator is investigating the compromise of a software distribution website. Forensic analysis shows that several popular files are infected with malicious code. However, comparing a hash of the infected files with the original, non-infected files which were restored from backup, shows that the hash is the same. Which of the following explains this? 

A. The infected files were using obfuscation techniques to evade detection by antivirus software. 

B. The infected files were specially crafted to exploit a collision in the hash function. 

C. The infected files were using heuristic techniques to evade detection by antivirus software. 

D. The infected files were specially crafted to exploit diffusion in the hash function. 

Answer:

491. – (Topic 5) 

The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of a company that allows telecommuting has challenged the Chief Security Officer’s (CSO) request to harden the corporate network’s perimeter. The CEO argues that the company cannot protect its employees at home, so the risk at work is no different. Which of the following BEST explains why this company should proceed with protecting its corporate network boundary? 

A. The corporate network is the only network that is audited by regulators and customers. 

B. The aggregation of employees on a corporate network makes it a more valuable target for attackers. 

C. Home networks are unknown to attackers and less likely to be targeted directly. 

D. Employees are more likely to be using personal computers for general web browsing when they are at home. 

Answer:

Q35. – (Topic 5) 

The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is focused on improving IT governance within the organization to reduce system downtime. The CIO has mandated that the following improvements be implemented: 

-All business units must now identify IT risks and include them in their business risk profiles. 

-Key controls must be identified and monitored. 

-Incidents and events must be recorded and reported with management oversight. 

-Exemptions to the information security policy must be formally recorded, approved, and managed. 

-IT strategy will be reviewed to ensure it is aligned with the businesses strategy and objectives. 

In addition to the above, which of the following would BEST help the CIO meet the requirements? 

A. Establish a register of core systems and identify technical service owners 

B. Establish a formal change management process 

C. Develop a security requirement traceability matrix 

D. Document legacy systems to be decommissioned and the disposal process 

Answer:

Q36. – (Topic 3) 

A new web application system was purchased from a vendor and configured by the internal development team. Before the web application system was moved into production, a vulnerability assessment was conducted. A review of the vulnerability assessment report indicated that the testing team discovered a minor security issue with the configuration of the web application. The security issue should be reported to: 

A. CISO immediately in an exception report. 

B. Users of the new web application system. 

C. The vendor who supplied the web application system. 

D. Team lead in a weekly report. 

Answer:

Q37. – (Topic 1) 

An external penetration tester compromised one of the client organization’s authentication servers and retrieved the password database. Which of the following methods allows the penetration tester to MOST efficiently use any obtained administrative credentials on the client organization’s other systems, without impacting the integrity of any of the systems? 

A. Use the pass the hash technique 

B. Use rainbow tables to crack the passwords 

C. Use the existing access to change the password 

D. Use social engineering to obtain the actual password 

Answer:

Q38. – (Topic 2) 

A company has adopted a BYOD program. The company would like to protect confidential information. However, it has been decided that when an employee leaves, the company will not completely wipe the personal device. Which of the following would MOST likely help the company maintain security when employees leave? 

A. Require cloud storage on corporate servers and disable access upon termination 

B. Whitelist access to only non-confidential information 

C. Utilize an MDM solution with containerization 

D. Require that devices not have local storage 

Answer:

Q39. – (Topic 2) 

An organization recently upgraded its wireless infrastructure to support 802.1x and requires all clients to use this method. After the upgrade, several critical wireless clients fail to connect because they are only pre-shared key compliant. For the foreseeable future, none of the affected clients have an upgrade path to put them into compliance with the 802.1x requirement. Which of the following provides the MOST secure method of integrating the non-compliant clients into the network? 

A. Create a separate SSID and require the use of dynamic encryption keys. 

B. Create a separate SSID with a pre-shared key to support the legacy clients and rotate the key at random intervals. 

C. Create a separate SSID and pre-shared WPA2 key on a new network segment and only allow required communication paths. 

D. Create a separate SSID and require the legacy clients to connect to the wireless network using certificate-based 802.1x. 

Answer:

Q40. – (Topic 2) 

A vulnerability scanner report shows that a client-server host monitoring solution operating in the credit card corporate environment is managing SSL sessions with a weak algorithm which does not meet corporate policy. Which of the following are true statements? (Select TWO). 

A. The X509 V3 certificate was issued by a non trusted public CA. 

B. The client-server handshake could not negotiate strong ciphers. 

C. The client-server handshake is configured with a wrong priority. 

D. The client-server handshake is based on TLS authentication. 

E. The X509 V3 certificate is expired. 

F. The client-server implements client-server mutual authentication with different certificates. 

Answer: B,C 

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