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Q191. Pete, the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of a company, has increased his travel plans for the next two years to improve business relations. Which of the following would need to be in place in case something happens to Pete? 

A. Succession planning 

B. Disaster recovery 

C. Separation of duty 

D. Removing single loss expectancy 



Succession planning outlines those internal to the organization who have the ability to step into positions when they open. By identifying key roles that cannot be left unfilled and associating internal employees who can step into these roles, you can groom those employees to make sure that they are up to speed when it comes time for them to fill those positions. 

Q192. A security administrator needs to update the OS on all the switches in the company. Which of the following MUST be done before any actual switch configuration is performed? 

A. The request needs to be sent to the incident management team. 

B. The request needs to be approved through the incident management process. 

C. The request needs to be approved through the change management process. 

D. The request needs to be sent to the change management team. 



Change Management is a risk mitigation approach and refers to the structured approach that is followed to secure a company’s assets. Thus the actual switch configuration should first be subject to the change management approval. 

Q193. Pete, an employee, attempts to visit a popular social networking site but is blocked. Instead, a page is displayed notifying him that this site cannot be visited. Which of the following is MOST likely blocking Pete’s access to this site? 

A. Internet content filter 

B. Firewall 

C. Proxy server 

D. Protocol analyzer 



Web filtering software is designed to restrict or control the content a reader is authorised to access, especially when utilised to restrict material delivered over the Internet via the Web, e-mail, or other means. 

Q194. A security administrator is tasked with calculating the total ALE on servers. In a two year period of time, a company has to replace five servers. Each server replacement has cost the company $4,000 with downtime costing $3,000. Which of the following is the ALE for the company? 

A. $7,000 

B. $10,000 

C. $17,500 

D. $35,000 



SLE × ARO = ALE, where SLE is equal to asset value (AV) times exposure factor (EF); and ARO is the annualized rate of occurrence. SLE =($4000 + $3000) x 5 = $35000 ARO = 2 years Thus per year it would be 50% = 0,5 The ALE is thus $35000 x 0.5 = $17500 

Q195. Which the following flags are used to establish a TCP connection? (Select TWO). 






Answer: B,C 


To establish a TCP connection, the three-way (or 3-step) handshake occurs: 

SYN: The active open is performed by the client sending a SYN to the server. The client sets the segment's sequence number to a random value A. SYN-ACK: In response, the server replies with a SYN-ACK. The acknowledgment number is set to one more than the received sequence number i.e. A+1, and the sequence number that the server chooses for the packet is another random number, B. ACK: Finally, the client sends an ACK back to the server. The sequence number is set to the received acknowledgement value i.e. A+1, and the acknowledgement number is set to one more than the received sequence number i.e. B+1. 

Q196. A company uses PGP to ensure that sensitive email is protected. Which of the following types of cryptography is being used here for the key exchange? 

A. Symmetric 

B. Session-based 

C. Hashing 

D. Asymmetric 



PGP combines symmetric-key encryption and public-key encryption. The message is encrypted using a symmetric encryption algorithm, which requires a symmetric key. Each symmetric key is used only once and is also called a session key. 

Q197. A security administrator must implement all requirements in the following corporate policy: Passwords shall be protected against offline password brute force attacks. Passwords shall be protected against online password brute force attacks. Which of the following technical controls must be implemented to enforce the corporate policy? (Select THREE). 

A. Account lockout 

B. Account expiration 

C. Screen locks 

D. Password complexity 

E. Minimum password lifetime 

F. Minimum password length 

Answer: A,D,F 


A brute force attack is a trial-and-error method used to obtain information such as a user password or personal identification number (PIN). In a brute force attack, automated software is used to generate a large number of consecutive guesses as to the value of the desired data. Brute force attacks may be used by criminals to crack encrypted data, or by security analysts to test an organization's network security. A brute force attack may also be referred to as brute force cracking. For example, a form of brute force attack known as a dictionary attack might try all the words in a dictionary. Other forms of brute force attack might try commonly-used passwords or combinations of letters and numbers. 

The best defense against brute force attacks strong passwords. The following password policies will ensure that users have strong (difficult to guess) passwords: 

F: Minimum password length. This policy specifies the minimum number of characters a password should have. For example: a minimum password length of 8 characters is regarded as good security practice. 

D: Password complexity determines what characters a password should include. For example, you could require a password to contain uppercase and lowercase letters and numbers. This will ensure that passwords don’t consist of dictionary words which are easy to crack using brute force techniques. 

A: Account lockout policy: This policy ensures that a user account is locked after a number of incorrect password entries. For example, you could specify that if a wrong password is entered three times, the account will be locked for a period of time or indefinitely until the account is unlocked by an administrator. 

Q198. A group policy requires users in an organization to use strong passwords that must be changed every 15 days. Joe and Ann were hired 16 days ago. When Joe logs into the network, he is prompted to change his password; when Ann logs into the network, she is not prompted to change her password. Which of the following BEST explains why Ann is not required to change her password? 

A. Ann’s user account has administrator privileges. 

B. Joe’s user account was not added to the group policy. 

C. Ann’s user account was not added to the group policy. 

D. Joe’s user account was inadvertently disabled and must be re-created. 



Group policy is used to manage Windows systems in a Windows network domain environment by means of a Group Policy Object (GPO). GPO’s include a number of settings related to credentials, which includes password expiration. Because Anne was not prompted to change her password, it could only mean that her user account was not added to the group policy. 

Q199. Allowing unauthorized removable devices to connect to computers increases the risk of which of the following? 

A. Data leakage prevention 

B. Data exfiltration 

C. Data classification 

D. Data deduplication 


Explanation: Data exfiltration is the unauthorized copying, transfer or retrieval of data from a system. 

Q200. Ann has recently transferred from the payroll department to engineering. While browsing file shares, Ann notices she can access the payroll status and pay rates of her new coworkers. Which of the following could prevent this scenario from occurring? 

A. Credential management 

B. Continuous monitoring 

C. Separation of duties 

D. User access reviews